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Regenerative Cities

In order to built a healthy relationship between cities and the ecosystems from which they draw resources for their sustenance, comprehensive political, financial and technological strategies must be developed. The WFC brochure "Regenerative Cities" by Herbert Girardet explains how these relationships can be built.


Cities, as major users of resources, are focal points for assuring a sustainable relationship between people and planet. Over half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas with urbanisation expected to increase further. Some 80 per cent of the world’s energy consumption and related greenhouse gas emissions is attributed to cities. Many cities will experience the damaging impacts of climate change, some of which are already happening. Strategies must therefore be devised in urban areas for climate change mitigation and adaptation which include the transition to renewable energy. These efforts must be aimed not only at reducing greenhouse gas emissions but also at making the city a better place to live in.

This section of the Future Policy website is intended to help policy makers, city planners and administrators, and other users to minimise urban climate impacts and to maximise the use of renewable energy in cities. The proposals follow a holistic approach which also takes other environmental and social aspects into account.

Specifically, the World Future Council proposes the adoption of a 100 per cent renewable energy target. To achieve this target, the WFC further recommends using six different sets of tools:

The website sets the theme of 100% renewable energy for cities in the wider concept of Regenerative Urbanisation. This primarily means one thing: To assure that cities develop a positive, restorative relationship to the ecosystems from which they draw resources for their sustenance beyond city boundaries. In this urbanising world, the challenge is no longer just to create sustainable cities but truly regenerative cities, i.e. they must be planned and managed not just to be energy and resource-efficient and low carbon emitting, but also to become aware of ecosystem services they receive from beyond their boundaries, and to compensate for the environmental damage and resource exploitation associated with urban consumption patterns.

For further information on regenerative cities follow the links below:

In addition, this website presents a number of model cities which have taken action already. Click here to find an overview of various outstanding city concepts.

The information on this website is based on the WFC/HCU booklet ‘100% Renewable Energy – and Beyond – for Cities’ by Prof. Peter Droege. Click here to download the booklet.