Kyrgyzstan, Resolution No. 43 of 09 February 2015
Kyrgyzstan is one of the few countries in the world to make the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) legally binding. The GHS is an internationally agreed-upon system managed by the UN for classification of chemicals by types of hazard. The provisions are reflected in the work and budgets of all relevant government agencies and ministries. Employees of 219 public institutions, businesses, and NGOs have been instructed about the use of GHS in their sectors. Companies trained more than 6,500 employees to ensure safety at the workplace. All 14 pesticide suppliers and 42 fertilizer suppliers apply GHS hazard classification and labelling. Moreover, consumers are increasingly paying attention to product labelling. Kyrgyzstan’s visionary Resolution can inspire many other countries to implement the GHS. Due to its impressive socioeconomic and environmental impact, its holistic approach and its full respect for the Future Justice Principles, the Resolution No. 43 of 2015 on the Approval of the Chemical Hazard Classification System and Hazard Information Requirements – Labelling and Safety Data Sheet was recognized with the Future Policy Gold Award 2021 for Protecting from Hazardous Chemicals awarded by the World Future Council, in partnership with the SAICM, UNEP, UNITAR, OECD, ILO and UNDP.
- Kyrgyzstan’s Resolution is pioneering the national implementation of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).
- It can serve as an example of implementation of the 2021 Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) technical regulation regarding the safety of chemical products.
- The Kyrgyz Resolution is a cross-cutting government programme covering multiple spheres of government and active in environmental protection, safety of chemical products, public health and organic production.
Last update: 2022
Resolution No. 376 of 27 July 2001: On Measures for Environmental Protection and Public Health from the Adverse Effects of Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides. Resolution No. 459 of 02 August 2017: On Approval of the Concept of Development of Organic Agricultural Production in Kyrgyzstan for 2017-2022. Parliament’s Resolution No. 3108-VI of 12 June 2019: On Measures to Develop Organic Agricultural Production in Kyrgyzstan. Amendments of Annexes No. 15-21 of Resolution No. 201 of April 2016: On Approval of Acts in the Field of Public Health (these were the result of GHS implementation to better address provisions and requirements under the Resolution). Resolution No. 459 (initiated the drafting of the law on organic agricultural production). Resolution No. 3108-VI (outlines the measures to develop organic agriculture). The EAEU technical regulation “On the safety of chemical products” of June 2021, to be implemented and based on GHS provisions.
Sustainable use of natural resources
- Addresses many SDGs, including SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
- Proven to work since its adoption, with all relevant governmental institutions and improved interministerial coordination and collaboration.
- Inspired the establishment of a new regulation focused on organic farming
Equity and poverty eradication
- Equally included NGOs, businesses, local authorities, and governmental institutions in the development and implementation of the policy.
- Helps to ensure occupational health and safety and the implementation of human rights to information about chemicals in products; this is especially important for the safety of workers, women and children as it helps to minimize and avoid the associated health risks from hazardous chemicals at the workplace and at home.
- Empowers consumers to support sustainable consumption.
- Supports a holistic and comprehensive view on public health issues, occupational health and safety, and the
- Based on scientific evidence and global knowledge of chemical hazards.
- Follows internationally approved public health and safety requirements.
- Achieved behavioural changes among workers and consumers due to the successful conveying of chemical hazards information.
- Provides mechanisms for data collection and data sharing on chemicals in products via mandatory Safety Data Sheets and product labelling protocols.
Public participation, access to information and justice
- Good example of equal multistakeholder participation in an environmental and health decision-making process.
- Training and information are provided for governmental employees, NGOs and businesses to equally engage them in policy implementation.
Good governance and human security
- Multistakeholder Coordination Group allows for interministerial and inter-sectorial implementation; NGOs are part of this group.
- Requirements and provisions are clear and understandable for all stakeholders
Integration and interrelationship
- Includes mainstreaming, interministerial, and cross-sectoral cooperation.
- Facilitates the implementation of international chemical agreements.
Common but differentiated responsibilities
- Acknowledges existing gaps in providing information on chemical hazards and seeks to ensure compliance with the international approach.
- Inclusive: special consideration given to support access to safety information for workers and consumers.
- Knowledge of new harmonized standards on chemicals management, including methods of chemical product testing, is useful for policymakers and customs officers.
- Adds to the foundation of sound chemicals management, which will assist Kyrgyzstan in the successful implementation of SAICM and other international and regional chemical agreements.
- Government of Kyrgyzstan (2011). List of banned restricted chemicals and pesticides of 2011. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/92661?cl=ru-ru. Government of Kyrgyzstan (2019). List of banned restricted chemicals and pesticides of 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/14329?cl=ru-ru.
- Government of Kyrgyzstan (2015). On the approval of the Programme of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on Implementation of the International System of Hazard Classification and Labeling of Chemicals in the Kyrgyz Republic and the Action Plan for its implementation for 2015-2017: Resolution No. 235. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/97491.
- Government of Kyrgyzstan (2017). Mechanisms for the exchange of information between state bodies authorized in the management of chemicals in Kyrgyzstan. http://mineconom.gov.kg/froala/uploads/file/0e89deb9e42de5da8af4f5b3bb9c38b1401f1dd3.pdf.
- Government of Kyrgyzstan (2018). Analysis of the Legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic in the field of Chemicals and Waste Management. http://ghs.eco-expertise.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Analiz-natsionalnogo-zakonodatelstva.pdf
- Government of Kyrgyzstan (2018). Situation Analysis: to identify needs and opportunities for the implementation of the process of synergy of international agreements in the field of chemical safety in the Kyrgyz Republic. http://mineconom.gov.kg/froala/uploads/file/2a0ee1791174c5625ad4dde9e2a20737c7a20d75.pdf.
- Government of Kyrgyzstan. Ensuring Chemical Safety Project: “Capacity Building for the National Implementation of International Agreements Related to Chemicals and Waste”. http://mineconom.gov.kg/ru/direct/13/76/182.
- Independent Ecological Expertise, Chemical Safety (2015). http://ghs.eco-expertise.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Prezentatsiya-po-polozheniyu-SGS-na-03.03.15.pdf.
- South-South World (2015). Organic Aimak in Kyrgyzstan. http://www.southsouthworld.org/blog/46-solution/1739/organic-aimak-in-kyrgyzstan.
- Technical Regulations of the Eurasian Economic Union “On the safety of chemical products” (TR EAEU 041/2017). http://docs.cntd.ru/document/456065181.
- The European Commission/Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN partnership project ‘Improving capacities to eliminate and prevent recurrence of obsolete pesticides as a model for tackling unused hazardous chemicals in the former Soviet Union’. Sandra (2016). Repackaging of DDT in Kyrgyzstan. In: Obsoletepesticides.net. https://obsoletepesticides.net/site/home/articles/.
- The Global Environment Facility-funded UNEP project ‘Demonstrating and Scaling Up Sustainable Alternatives to DDT for the Control of Vector Borne Diseases in Southern Caucasus (Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan)’ (DDT-project)
- United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. A Guide to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghsguideoct05.pdf.